Brel, Jacques ( 1929-1978
), author, composer and Belgian interpreter, of
Flemish origin, but French expression, in the bitting tone,
critic(criticism), associated to a big poetry.
Been born in Brussels, it(he) leaves the domestic cardboard
factory to tempt its(his) luck(chance) in Paris with songs which
it(he) interpreted until then in holidays(name-days) of patronage.
After difficult debuts in cabarets (Three Donkeys, The Jacob's
ladder, The Lock) - it(he) has difficulty in freeing of a
certain clumsiness on scene -, it(he) obtains its(his) first big
success, "? When one has not that the love? " (1956), thanks to the
Jacques Canetti's indestructible support, which(who)
discovered(found) him(it) and has never stopped believing in him.
This first success will be regularly followed by the others,
which(who) him(her,it) will stand out one of the most popular singers
from the first triumph in Olympia in 1958 : "? Flemish women? "
, "? Do not leave me? " (1959), "? Madeleine? " , "? The Middle-class
persons? " , "? The Flat(dish) Country? " (1962), "? Candies? " , "?
Amsterdam? " (1964), "? The Song of the old lovers? " (1967).
Jacques Brel's success likes its author's talent, its voice(vote)
of interpreter, ample and sure, as well as its body movements and its
energy : very expressionist, it(he) mimes on scene its(his)
songs with a big truthfulness. The song recital is, for him, at the
same moment a fight and a physical performance. Tinged at the
beginning of a certain social Catholicism, its theme makes soon more
radical : the anticlericalism and the nonconformism ("? The
Religious zealots? " , "? The Middle-class persons? "), the obsession
with death ("? In my last meal? "), and sometimes a latent misogyny
("? Hinds? ") establish(constitute) the main subjects of the songs.
As for her(its) poetic writing, she(it) is marked by a taste for the
neologism and by a search(research) for images based on homophonies
Brel chains the tours. Then, in 1967 , considering that it(he)
again had to say nothing more, it(he) even if it means thirty eight
years the scene (its(his) good-byes, in Olympia, are a real event)
and dedicates itself to the cinema - as actor (the Occupational
hazards, My uncle Benjamin) and as director ( Frantz) -, in the
musical (Don Quichotte de la Manche), then in the navigation, in the
aviation, pursuing somewhere else the same life trépidante.
Patient, it(he) withdraws to Hiva Oa , an island of the
archipelago of the Marquesas Islands (where lived also Gauguin),
where from he returns in 1977 to register(record) a last disc
(understanding(including) notably "? The Marquesas Islands? ") before
dying, the next year, from a cancer.
Following one Jacques