Brel, Jacques ( 1929-1978 ), author, composer and Belgian interpreter, of Flemish origin, but French expression, in the bitting tone, critic(criticism), associated to a big poetry.

Been born in Brussels, it(he) leaves the domestic cardboard factory to tempt its(his) luck(chance) in Paris with songs which it(he) interpreted until then in holidays(name-days) of patronage. After difficult debuts in cabarets (Three Donkeys, The Jacob's ladder, The Lock) - it(he) has difficulty in freeing of a certain clumsiness on scene -, it(he) obtains its(his) first big success, "? When one has not that the love? " (1956), thanks to the Jacques Canetti's indestructible support, which(who) discovered(found) him(it) and has never stopped believing in him. This first success will be regularly followed by the others, which(who) him(her,it) will stand out one of the most popular singers from the first triumph in Olympia in 1958 : "? Flemish women? " , "? Do not leave me? " (1959), "? Madeleine? " , "? The Middle-class persons? " , "? The Flat(dish) Country? " (1962), "? Candies? " , "? Amsterdam? " (1964), "? The Song of the old lovers? " (1967).

Jacques Brel's success likes its author's talent, its voice(vote) of interpreter, ample and sure, as well as its body movements and its energy : very expressionist, it(he) mimes on scene its(his) songs with a big truthfulness. The song recital is, for him, at the same moment a fight and a physical performance. Tinged at the beginning of a certain social Catholicism, its theme makes soon more radical : the anticlericalism and the nonconformism ("? The Religious zealots? " , "? The Middle-class persons? "), the obsession with death ("? In my last meal? "), and sometimes a latent misogyny ("? Hinds? ") establish(constitute) the main subjects of the songs. As for her(its) poetic writing, she(it) is marked by a taste for the neologism and by a search(research) for images based on homophonies or alliterations.

Brel chains the tours. Then, in 1967 , considering that it(he) again had to say nothing more, it(he) even if it means thirty eight years the scene (its(his) good-byes, in Olympia, are a real event) and dedicates itself to the cinema - as actor (the Occupational hazards, My uncle Benjamin) and as director ( Frantz) -, in the musical (Don Quichotte de la Manche), then in the navigation, in the aviation, pursuing somewhere else the same life trépidante. Patient, it(he) withdraws to Hiva Oa , an island of the archipelago of the Marquesas Islands (where lived also Gauguin), where from he returns in 1977 to register(record) a last disc (understanding(including) notably "? The Marquesas Islands? ") before dying, the next year, from a cancer.

  Following one Jacques Dutronc